Masjid Al Haram History, Facts, Virtues, And Key Information
Masjid Al-Haram, Khana e Kabba or the Forbidden mosque with whatever name you can call it. Here are some of the Masjid Al-Haram History, Facts, Virtues, and Key Information for the Muslims to better understand the Forbidden Mosque. It is the most holiest place on the face of the earth. The Forbidden mosque is one of the oldest mosques ever built in the history of Islam and Muslims. The name of the Forbidden mosque is because the doors of the mosque are only open to Muslims. And no other individual other than a Muslim is allowed to enter the Forbidden mosque. Further, you may also call it The Great Mosque of Makkah. Muslims from all over the world come to the Forbidden mosque to worship Allah and perform Hajj and Umrah by circling this grand mosque to tell God that he is the one and we are only your loyal subjects.
The Forbidden mosque surrounds 88.2 acres of land, and the Black Stone of Kaaba is placed in the Kaaba for the Muslims to touch. Here is a brief history of the construction of Kabba for you to consider.
Construction Of Kaaba
After Prophet Muhammad’s death, the construction of Kaaba was done several times.
In 683 CE, Khanna e Kabba was severely damaged by a fire. This fire was ignited due to the first siege of Mecca. This siege was due to the war between Abdullah ibn al-Zubayr and the Umayyads. After winning the battle against the Umayyads, Abdullah rebuilt the Kaaba and included the area of Hatīm into the Khanna e Kabba. Then came 692 CE, and there was the second siege of Mecca. Here Kaaba was destroyed due to the bombardment with stones.
After this, in the next year, Abd al-Malik razed the remnants of the Kaaba damaged by the bombardment and rebuilt them in a cubical shape, similar to how it was during the Prophet’s time. In 1626, a great flood resulted in the walls of the Khana e Kaaba collapsing. And in the same year of the flood, the Holy mosque was renovated, and it was rebuilt with the help of granite stones from Mecca. The Kaaba has stayed the same in appearance since then.
Essential Facts Of Kaaba
- In the beginning, Kaaba had two doors.
- And there was one window in the past.
- The color of Khanna e Kabba in the previous years was in multi-colors.
- After some time, the Khanna e Kabba attained its black color.
- At the start, Kaaba was open to the general public. There is no direction in the Khanna e Kabba for praying.
Important Structures of Kabba
- The holy Khanna e Kaaba is a cuboid-shaped structure.
- The location of the holy Kaaba is at the center of the mosque.
- And this is the location and direction where all Muslims direct their prayers.
- The Black Stone is located on the eastern corner of Kaaba.
- There is a rock that is situated next to Kaaba. It is known as The Station of Ibrahim, which consists of the footprint of Ibrahim (SAW).
- Safa and Marwah are the two hills that are located inside the mosque. It is where Hazrat Ibrahim’s (AS) wife Hajara (AS) ran in search of water for her infant son. This event is commemorated as a ritual of Hajj.
- The ZamZam well is located in the miqaat area of Khanna e Kabba.
- It has a constant flow of water.
- Masjid Al-Haram tends to host up to 4 million worshippers at a single time. It consists of 400,800 sq. meters.
- Masjid Al-Haram comprises of nine minarets. Each minaret is 89 meters or (292 feet) above the ground.
- There are 210 gates of Masjid Al-Haram.
- Masjid Al-Haram is mentioned 15 times in the Holy Quran.